The Intelligence Service of the Romanian Army: tradition and continuity


The Intelligence Service of the Romanian Army: tradition and continuity

Authors: Dan PLAVITU, Ilie Ovidiu FRATILA

Publisher: Axioma Print. Bucharesti 2009

This book celebrates the 150 years of existence of the Military Intelligence Service, which is an elite institution of the Romanian Army.

The book has three parts, and the first one is dedicated to the beginning of this service, until the end of 1989 (130 years time). On November 12 1859, the ruler Alexandru Ioan Cuza, by the High Order of the Day no. 83, founded the Section II within the General Staff of the United Princedoms Army. The newly established section was then led by second lieutenant Slaniceanu Gheorghe, and his deputy Stefan Falcoianu. The two officers proved their value and they were promoted in the military chain of command to the rank of general and in the position of minister of war.

The development of the military intelligence service of the Romanian army was influenced both by the transformation of the Romanian Army in its structure, and by the changes and the regional and continental political-military interests influencing our country's development throughout the years. The most significant moments of the military intelligence activity have been mentioned: the Independence War (1877-1878), World War I (1916-1919) and World War II (1941-1945), and also other crucial moments in the history of Romania, such as the Ribentropp-Molotov Pact (23 August 1939), the Vienna Dictate (the summer of 1940), the invasion of Czechoslovakia by the Soviet Union and its allies in the Warsaw Treaty on 20-21 August 1968 (the Romanian intervention was planned for 22-23 August 1968) under the pretense that "the interests of socialism are threatened in the two countries", but also the events which had happened before the essential moment of our contemporary national history in December 1989.

The second part of the book refers to the transformations happened after the events in December 1989. Clearly, the year 1989 has brought major changes in Eastern Europe, in the entire social, political and economic system, as well as in the security in the region and beyond.

In the third part, the book focuses on the challenges at the beginning of the millennium and offers the reader the possibility to discover the challenges addressed to the military intelligence sector, general challenges in the context of the international affairs system and especially of the military affairs.

It is expected that the military intelligence directorate will still be subjected to changes in the future, within a restructuring and reform process in the army, and also because of a natural, open and dynamic process, like in all the institutions in the field of national security and defense. Also, the military intelligence aim to improve their multi-source analysis capabilities, the implementation of standardization provisions specific to NATO and the EU on the intelligence activity, the modernization and updating of informational systems and training of the analysts.


 

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