The protection of critical infrastructures in the Euro-Atlantic space


The protection of critical infrastructures in the Euro-Atlantic space

Authors: Marian Rizea; Mariana Marinica; Alexandru Barbasura; Lucian Dumitrache; Catalin Ene.

Publisher: ANI.

The concept of protection for both citizens and objectives against direct threats was completed, in the last 10-15 years, by new concepts of vulnerability given especially by the complex and dynamic processes of globalization and integration. This double tendency cannot but influence the aspects linked to national security, to the safety of people, of intelligence, of national and international institutions.

The security of citizens, of social communities, of nations and states is influenced organically by the continuous function of some extremely complex systems of infrastructures, which ensure the essential services to all domains of social life.

The authors believe that infrastructures can be categorized according to their place, their role and their importance for the stability and good function of systems, as well as for their safety and security and the processes they are part of, as follows: regular infrastructures, special infrastructures and critical infrastructures.

In the book, the critical infrastructures are defined as being "usually determinant in the stability, safety and security of the systems and processes, having an important role in ensuring security in the function of systems and of economic, social, political, informational and military processes".

"Directive 2008/114/CE of the European Council, regarding the identification and designation of European critical infrastructures and the assessment of the improvement necessities of their protection", adopted on December 8 2008, defines them as follows: "Critical infrastructures are referring to those objectives, networks, physical activities and informational means which, when interrupted or destroyed, will have a serious impact on the health, safety, security of economic welfare of citizens or on the effective function of the government act in the member states".

The five chapters of the book, besides the things mentioned above, focus on the efforts of states, alliances, regional or international security structures for the identification, surveillance and protection of vital infrastructures of states, societies and of the world.

The systems of critical infrastructures for which special protection measures are established within the EU are as follows: installations and networks in the energy domain (electricity, oil, gas); communications and intelligence technologies; institutions ensuring the financial-banking sector and the stock and investment markets; platforms and institutions of the health system; means of production and distribution for the food sector; water supplying; transportation by trains, roads, air, on water and the respective installations used; dangerous chemical, biological and nuclear products; special services of the local and central administration.

All of these refer to the survival capabilities of a society, to its means of organization, of having resources and efficient intervention solutions, to deal with events endangering the critical infrastructures.


 

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