The geostrategic analysis of the geopolitical context


The geostrategic analysis of the

geopolitical context

Author: Boris Popescu

Publisher: Techno Media, 2009

In this book, the analyst and specialist in the research of the military domain, major general (r) PhD Boris Popescu develops his own prospective vision on the national security, with an urge for a new consensus in the field of national defense.

In the first chapter of the book, the author focused on explaining the situation and the conditions in which the national security of Romania has evolved, ever since the end of Second World War until the status of regional military power, in the late 70s. The author believes that there are numerous similarities in selecting or imposing the options for national defense between the present and the time over half a century ago. The common features consist in the fact that the transformations in the geopolitical environment have influenced decisively the construction of the Romanian military organism. Both then and now, the national historical, cultural, ethno-psychological, etc. identities did not matter in the orientations over Romania's military power.

The second chapter is about the tendencies and the geopolitical development in Europe, which led to the disappearance of some countries and the appearance of other states, either by delayed historical processes or by separation under the pressure of various national groups existent within those states.

In such conditions, the alternatives to Romania's national security are in direct connection to the developments which will give Europe the capability to maintain states integrated on natural bases and not on artificial constructions decided by certain cabinets.

Romania has to build its security through a strategy appropriate to all geopolitical and geostrategic combinations which may result from the conflict of interests, events, political relations and power rapports. Romania's military security has to be based on the assessment of our defense system's vulnerabilities, in connection to the new threats on the strategic interests of the state. This involves understanding the probable development of military threats or the ones related to them, likely to happen on regional level, as well as understanding the probable domestic threats which can turn into dangers to the state unity and constitutional democracy.

In the third chapter, the author expresses his critical point of view on the weakness of the theoretic approach of Romania's military Strategy. Not even to this date all the laws regulating the functioning of the national defense system are not yet adopted. Just like in 1989, we have not regulated until now the attributions of the military institutions in exceptional situations of defense (possible forms of social anarchy which would imply the involvement of the army); also, everyone knows that the Law on establishing the emergency situations or siege is both incomplete and unclear.

The author suggests a series of amendments and then concludes "We believe that what lacks in the military strategy is the national specificity of armed power adapted to the new geopolitical and geostrategic conditions our possibilities to achieve a strong autonomous defense system are limited. However, if we believe the others are going to defend us, we are making a fundamental mistake".


 

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